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Research Article |

Evaluation of Quantitative Traits of Horse Gram Accessions [Macrotyloma Uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc] Introduced in Burkina Faso

Major crops will face major challenges in the near future if the climate change trend continues. Thus, diversification away from over-reliance on staple foods will be important as progress towards the goal of nutrition security. Therefore, tolerant underutilized or neglected crop species may be a key to achieving this goal. The gram horse [Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc] of the Fabaceae family, is a minor species. less known. It is a grain legume of excellent nutritional quality, possessing many therapeutic properties. It is resistant to several production constraints which allows it to adapt to the harshest environmental conditions. However, it is being introduced in Burkina Faso. The study was conducted at the Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA) in Farako-Bâ to assess the nature and extent of variability of 25 accessions introduced and also to identify the best ones for extension or use in other varietal improvement programs. It was conducted according to a Fischer block device with three repetitions in rainfall. The measurements covered fifteen (15) quantitative variables subjected to different statistical analyses. The set of characteristics discriminate between the accessions studied. The results indicated significant differences within accessions for all traits studied, indicating the presence of significant genetic variability. Strong correlations were also observed between variables either positively or negatively. The study of the structuring of accession diversity identified four groups, whose Group I and IV accessions could be used in a hybridization program to develop high-yielding, short-cycle genotypes.

Agronomic Evaluation, Burkina Faso, Horse Gram, Quantitative Traits

APA Style

Joseph, N. T., Antoine, B., Joseph, B. T. B., Zinmanké, C. (2023). Evaluation of Quantitative Traits of Horse Gram Accessions [Macrotyloma Uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc] Introduced in Burkina Faso. American Journal of BioScience, 11(6), 187-195.

ACS Style

Joseph, N. T.; Antoine, B.; Joseph, B. T. B.; Zinmanké, C. Evaluation of Quantitative Traits of Horse Gram Accessions [Macrotyloma Uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc] Introduced in Burkina Faso. Am. J. BioScience 2023, 11(6), 187-195. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20231106.17

AMA Style

Joseph NT, Antoine B, Joseph BTB, Zinmanké C. Evaluation of Quantitative Traits of Horse Gram Accessions [Macrotyloma Uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc] Introduced in Burkina Faso. Am J BioScience. 2023;11(6):187-195. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20231106.17

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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