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Research Article |

A Roadmap for Detroit to Bolster E-bus Adoption by 2033

Compared with internal combustion engine vehicles, electronic vehicles are quiet and comfortable, with no noise from the engine, no consumption of fossil fuels, and no emission of smelly air pollutants. The only drawback of electronic vehicles is they take a long time for the batteries to be charged. This could be solved by optimizing bus routes, building more charge stations, and adopting fast charge technology. In this paper, the ecological and financial consequences of replacing diesel buses with electronic buses is analyzed. As the result shows it not only saves energy and reduces the emission of air pollutants, but also minimizes the operational costs and therefore greatly increases the profits. A model based on revenue and expenditure is built, which is capable of plotting a detailed roadmap, with the specific number of electronic buses to upgrade, and the forecast of corresponded financial implication on expenses and income year by year. Based on the model, two different kinds of path of transition are analyzed. The first kind is to do it slowly and upgrade only a limited number of electronic buses every year, especially in the beginning years. This kind of plan would minimize the external funding needed during the transition, but cannot repay the external funding by the end of 10 years. The other kind is to upgrade as many electronic buses as the external funding could provide at the beginning. Although it would cause a heavy burden on fiscal revenue, the transition can be achieved faster and make more profits by the end of 10 years, eventually able to repay the external funding.

Electronic Bus Fleet, Revenue and Expenditure Model, Environmental Protection

APA Style

Tang, P., Zhang, Z., Li, X., Wu, Y. (2024). A Roadmap for Detroit to Bolster E-bus Adoption by 2033. American Journal of Energy Engineering, 12(1), 10-16.

ACS Style

Tang, P.; Zhang, Z.; Li, X.; Wu, Y. A Roadmap for Detroit to Bolster E-bus Adoption by 2033. Am. J. Energy Eng. 2024, 12(1), 10-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.12

AMA Style

Tang P, Zhang Z, Li X, Wu Y. A Roadmap for Detroit to Bolster E-bus Adoption by 2033. Am J Energy Eng. 2024;12(1):10-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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