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Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China
This paper closely follows the national strategic background of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, and focuses on the multiple realistic needs of soil and water conservation, water and sediment control, ecological protection, ecosystem restoration and ecological function improvement in the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River Basin. With the multi-dimensional and multi-level compensatory effects of fruit tree economic forest on watershed scale soil and water conservation and ecological environment as the main research content and direction, in-depth research is conducted on the effects of watershed scale fruit tree economic forest coverage on reducing local soil and water loss, enhancing soil and water conservation ability, changing vegetation cover landscape pattern and the resulting ecological response in the loess hilly and gully region of Longzhong. This paper analyzes the compensatory effects of fruit tree economic forest on watershed scale soil and water conservation and ecological function increment change, and studies the scope, degree and magnitude of the impact, so as to provide theoretical basis and technical support for further coordinating the relationship between regional agriculture and forestry, economic development and ecological protection, and promoting the construction of a system management system of mountain, water, forest, farmland, lake and grassland in the loess hilly and gully region of Longzhong. At the same time, it provides reference for ecological protection and green high-quality development of the Loess Plateau in the middle reaches of the Yellow River of China.
Fruit Economic Forest, Soil and Water Conservation, Ecological Environment, Compensatory Effects, The Hulu River Basin
Wang Fu, He Qian, Zhao Qiang, Sha Xiao Yan, Han Fen, et al. (2023). Research on the Compensatory Effects of Fruit Tree Economic Forest on Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Environment. American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 7(4), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajese.20230704.11
Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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