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Research Article |

Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia

Most of the African countries including Ethiopia are often characterized by problems of food insecurity. Despite several efforts made so far to improve the overall food insecurity situation, the challenge is still prevalent problem in Ethiopia. Hence this study was conducted with the specific objectives of examining the extent and dynamics of food insecurity in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. In order to realize these objectives, data were collected from 138 randomly selected households in four randomly selected kebeles of the District. Besides, data was collected using household survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), and key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using food consumption score (FCS) and qualitative analysis. Based on world food program to calculate the food consumption score (FCS) results of food group, out of total respondents 81.16 percent of food insecurity household were poor food consumption groups. The other remaining 7.25 percent and 11.59 percent of food security households were borderline and acceptable food consumption group, respectively. This indicated that the extent of food insecurity of the households is high because most of households were found poor food consumption group. The result shows that between 2018 and 2019 food secure households declined from 42% to 38.41%, and food insecure households increased from 58% to 61.59%. Between 2020 and 2021, the proportion of food secure households declined from 21.74% to 18.84%, whereas the proportion of food insecure households increased from 78.26% to 81.16%. In year 2019, foods secure households declined by 3.59% and food insecure households increased by 3.59% from past year. While in 2021, foods secure households declined by 2.9% and food insecure households increased by 2.9% from 2020. This result shows the trend in food insecurity that shows increment from year to year due to unstable seasonal rainfall and climate change. Food security issues at the Assosa district require more in-depth and continued study outputs and proper use and implementation of the information gained as the area are found to be influenced by several, interlocked and site specific dynamic that, of course, require immediate and coordinated attention from different stakeholders.

Food Insecurity, Dynamics, Extent, Households, Food Consumption Score, Qualitative Data

Teha Romanu Benti. (2023). Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 9(6), 175-180.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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