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Dimensions of Food Insecurity and Its Determinants: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia

Most of the African countries including Ethiopia are often characterized by problems of food insecurity. Despite several efforts made so far to improve the overall food insecurity situation, the challenge is still prevalent problem in Ethiopia. Hence the study was designed with the main objectives of examining the dimension of food insecurity and identifying its determinants in Assosa district of Western Ethiopia. In order to attain these objectives, data were collected from 138 randomly selected households in four randomly selected kebeles of the district. Besides, data was collected using household survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), and key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using both descriptive statistics and econometric methods. On average, female headed households were more food insecure than male-headed households. Among the four pillars of dimension of food security are availability, access, utilization and stability. The smallholder Farmers at study area are mainly characterized by problem of food availability and accessibility. The result of the binary logistic regression revealed that sex of household, education level of household, farm income, off-farm income, distance to market access to agricultural services used and number of oxen has had substantial negative impact on food insecurity of the rural households. Other significant variable namely, age of household head was found to exert a positive impact on food insecurity. Food security issues at the Assosa district require more in-depth and continued study outputs and proper use and implementation of the information gained as the area is found to be influenced by several, interlocked and site specific dimensions and determinants that, of course, require immediate and coordinated attention from different stakeholders.

Food Insecurity, Determinant, Dimension, Causes, Households, Binary Logistic

Teha Romanu Benti. (2023). Dimensions of Food Insecurity and Its Determinants: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(5), 197-207.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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