International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology

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An Overview of the Level of Heavy Metals Concentration in Fruits and Vegetables

Fruit juices are extracted from one or more fruits for their liquid content. They supply vitamins, minerals; such as iron, copper, potassium, folate minerals, and vitamins A, B, and C and easily absorbed fruit sugar to our bodies. Fruit consumption on a regular basis is critical for providing the body with the nutrients it requires to stay healthy since we get important mineral elements such as copper (Cu), iron (Fe), and manganese (Mn), are important for human life since they are required for growth and respiration. However, these drinks may contain toxic metals that are extremely harmful to human health. Accumulation of toxic heavy metals in food can be dangerous to all individuals due to they may include heavy metals such as lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), and palladium (Pd) which are toxic to humans even at low levels. Toxic heavy metals have the potential to transfer from soil or water to vegetables and fruits. As a result, the purpose of this paper was to review heavy metal concentrations and health risk issues. Most fruits are consumed raw, without being processed or cooked. In most situations, untreated waste water discharges result in significant concentrations of toxic heavy metals. Untreated wastewater discharges usually result in high concentrations of toxic heavy metals. It bears no attention to regulatory bodies. We recommend that regulatory bodies focus on controlling the release of heavy metals from various sources, such as untreated waste water discharges from manufacturing industries like leather and textile that flow to irrigation areas, monitoring automobile services that cause pollution by lead (Pb), and establishing good household waste disposal systems as soon as possible. Waste water discharges contribute to heavy metal contamination in fruits and vegetables when they are exposed to farms and irrigation regions. Furthermore, it is preferable to analyze the quantity of hazardous heavy metals in fruits and vegetables.

Fruits, Heavy Metals, Soil, Vegetables, Water

Kasahun Wale. (2023). An Overview of the Level of Heavy Metals Concentration in Fruits and Vegetables. International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology, 8(2), 23-25.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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