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The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh

For growth, the development of the brain and body, and disease resistance, trace amounts of micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, are required. The body cannot synthesis them, thus they must be obtained by diet and other means. Poor physical and mental growth, mental retardation, and blindness are all effects of malnutrition in susceptible populations such newborn infants, pregnant and nursing mothers, and the elderly. By adding essential components to food, food fortification is a secure and efficient method for increasing micronutrient consumption and restoring amounts lost during processing. Long-term development goals are impacted by micronutrient deficiencies. Anemia affects over half of all expectant and nursing mothers. Only a few of the essential traits linked to high degrees of insufficiency include inadequate nourishment, bad hygiene, illness, and infestation. Despite the promotion of a number of techniques and treatments, serious problems with coverage, quality, and compliance still exist. Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be a significant issue in Bangladesh despite the fact that current intervention attempts have had some success addressing severe deficits. Humans cannot survive without some essential micronutrients such as iron and zinc, which can only be obtained from diet. Food-based therapies require a creative strategy in order to increase dietary diversity, decrease nutritional losses, and increase nutritional bioavailability. The efforts of many developing countries have demonstrated that long-term, cost-effective solutions to the problem of micronutrient deficiencies in individuals may be found in food-based approaches. Strategies to address the issue of micronutrient deficiencies of iron and zinc will essentially be ineffective without proper attention is devoted to preventing communicable diseases like diarrhoea, decreasing morbidity, and improving basic health care facilities. Expanding food-based strategies has a number of advantages, including bettering nutritional health, raising incomes, and increasing access to and availability of a variety of foods rich in micronutrients, all of which will improve micronutrient status for both individuals and the community as a whole.

Micronutrient Deficiencies, Iron and Zinc Deficiency, Food Fortification, Strategies and Policies

Mohammad Abu Bakar Siddique, Md. Marufuzzaman, Siddhartha Sankar Das, Ali Hasan Farid, Ehsanul Kabir, et al. (2023). The Science of Food Fortification in Improving Health Challenges Due to Iron Deficiency Anemia and Zinc Deficiency for Children Under 5 Years in Bangladesh. International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology, 8(3), 39-49.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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