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Mathematical Analysis of Varicella Zoster Virus Model

Chicken Pox (also called Varicella) is a disease caused by a virus known as Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV -3). Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) is a DNA virus of the Herpes group, transmitted by direct contact with infective individuals. In this work, a deterministic mathematical model for transmission dynamics of Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) with vaccination strategy was solved, using Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM) and Fourth-Fifth Rungekutta Felhberg Method and Approximate solutions were realized. ADM, yields analytical solution in terms of rapidly convergent infinite power series with easily computed terms. This solution was realized by applying Adomian polynomials to the nonlinear terms in the system. Similarly, fourth-fifth-order Runge-Kutta Felberg method with degree four interpolant (RK45F) was used to compute a numerical solution that was used as a reference solution to compare with the semi-analytical approximations. The main advantage of the ADM is that it yields an approximate series solution in close form with accelerated convergence. The effect of Varicella was considered in five compartments: The Susceptible, the Vaccinated, the Exposed, the Infective and the Recovered class. The Varicella Zoster virus model which is a nonlinear system can only be solved conveniently using powerful semi-analytic tool such as the ADM. Numerical simulations of the model show that, the combination of vaccination and treatment is the most effective way to combat the epidemiology of VZV in the community.

Varicella, Zoster, Adomian Decomposition, Modeling, Sensitivity, Vaccination, Epidemiology

APA Style

Anebi Elisha, Terhemen Aboiyar, Anande Richard Kimbir. (2021). Mathematical Analysis of Varicella Zoster Virus Model. International Journal of Discrete Mathematics, 6(2), 23-37.

ACS Style

Anebi Elisha; Terhemen Aboiyar; Anande Richard Kimbir. Mathematical Analysis of Varicella Zoster Virus Model. Int. J. Discrete Math. 2021, 6(2), 23-37. doi: 10.11648/j.dmath.20210602.11

AMA Style

Anebi Elisha, Terhemen Aboiyar, Anande Richard Kimbir. Mathematical Analysis of Varicella Zoster Virus Model. Int J Discrete Math. 2021;6(2):23-37. doi: 10.11648/j.dmath.20210602.11

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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