International Journal of Agricultural Economics

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Pixie Production in Makueni County, Kenya

The purpose of the study was to determine the farm technical efficiency in pixie farming in Makueni County, Kenya and the factors which influence the technical efficiency. The specific objectives of the study were: determination of technical efficiency in pixie production, examination of how socio-economic characteristics affect the technical efficiency in pixie production, and determination of how the adoption of sustainable agricultural technologies influence the technical efficiency in pixie production. Primary data was collected where questionnaires and interview schedule were adopted to obtain information from a sample of 311 pixie farmers through both purposive and simple random sampling technique. Non-experimental cross sectional research design was adopted. Generalized linear regression model and stochastic frontier model were used. The study results found that the mean technical efficiency was 75%. There only existed a 25% potential towards realization of optimum output by the average farmer. Different socio-economic characteristics of the farmers were found to influence technical efficiency among the pixie farmers. Maximum likelihood estimates of technical efficiency derived from the stochastic frontier production function results indicated that use of fertilizer, manure and labour contributed to increased productivity. The adopters of the different sustainable agricultural technologies had higher technical efficiencies than the non-adopters. The study recommends young farmers be encouraged in the practice of pixie farming to help in realization of high pixie output. The government should: Put in place measures to increase credit access to farmers, harmonize the repayment time of the loans and design strategies in place for the pixie farmers to be educated on the need of adopting the sustainable agricultural technologies and how to use them in order to reduce the big gap in their productivity levels.

Adoption, Sustainable Agricultural Technologies, Technical Efficiency, Stochastic Frontier Model

APA Style

Muuo, W. S., Mwaura, S., Maokomba, C. (2024). Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Pixie Production in Makueni County, Kenya. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 9(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20240901.11

ACS Style

Muuo, W. S.; Mwaura, S.; Maokomba, C. Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Pixie Production in Makueni County, Kenya. Int. J. Agric. Econ. 2024, 9(1), 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20240901.11

AMA Style

Muuo WS, Mwaura S, Maokomba C. Determinants of Technical Efficiency in Pixie Production in Makueni County, Kenya. Int J Agric Econ. 2024;9(1):1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20240901.11

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Mittal, A., Krejci, C. C., & Craven, T. J. (2018). Logistics best practices for regional food systems: A review. Sustainability, 10(1), 168.
2. Republic of Kenya. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Economic survey 2023.
3. Wangithi, C. M. (2019). Evaluation of The Magnitude of Citrus Yield Losses Due to African Citrus Triozid, False Codling Moth, the Greening Disease and Other Pests of Economic Importance in Kenya.
4. Munywoki, J. M., & Munywoki, G. N. (2022). An Explorative Survey on Challenges Facing Citrus Farmers in Makueni County, Kenya. IASR Journal of Agriculture and Life Sciences
5. Wealth Creation and Socio-Economic Transformation. (2016). Government of Makueni County Vision 2025.
6. Tripathi, V. K., Kumar, S., Dubey, V., & Nayyer, M. A. (2020). High-Density Planting in Fruit Crops for Enhancing Fruit Productivity. In Sustainable Agriculture (pp. 253-267). Apple Academic Press.
7. Kumawat, A., Yadav, D., Samadharmam, K., & Rashmi, I. (2020). Soil and water conservation measures for agricultural sustainability. Soil moisture importance, 23.
8. Henry, K. (2019). KilimoNews. Where are the extension workers?
9. Janvry, A. D., Fafchamps, M., & Sadoulet, E. (1991). Peasant household behaviour with missing markets: some paradoxes explained. The economic journal, 101(409), 1400-1417.
10. Ljubojević, M., Narandžić, T., Ostojić, J., Božanić Tanjga, B., Grubač, M., Kolarov, R. & Pušić, M. (2022). Rethinking Horticulture to Meet Sustainable Development Goals—The Case Study of Novi Sad, Serbia. Horticulturae, 8(12), 1222.
11. Adom, P. K., & Adams, S. (2020). Decomposition of technical efficiency in agricultural production in Africa into transient and persistent technical efficiency under heterogeneous technologies. World Development, 129, 104907.
12. Belete, A. S. (2020). Analysis of technical efficiency in maize production in Guji Zone: stochastic frontier model. Agriculture & Food Security, 9(1), 1-15.
13. Van Nguyen, Q., Pascoe, S., Coglan, L., & Nghiem, S. (2021). The sensitivity of efficiency scores to input and other choices in stochastic frontier analysis: an empirical investigation. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 55(1), 31-40.
14. Republic of Kenya. Government of Makueni County (2020). County Statistical Abstract 2020.
15. Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Age International.
16. Osti, D. (2022). Returns to scale with a Cobb-Douglas production function for four small Northern Italian firms.
17. Muchara and Oluwatayo (2018). The technical efficiency of citrus farmers in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.
18. Ji, I., Vitale, J. D., Vitale, P. P., & Adam, B. D. (2023). Technical efficiency of US Western Great Plains wheat farms using stochastic frontier analysis. Journal of Applied Economics, 26(1), 2178798.
19. Ambetsa, F. (2020). Adoption of Best Agronomic Practices, Technical Efficiency and Profitability of Sugarcane Production among Smallholders in Malava Sub-County of Kakamega County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Embu).
20. Wambui, C. M., & Majiwa, E. (2020). Evaluation of technical efficiency of edible oil production: the case of canola production in Kieni West Constituency, Kenya. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 12(1), 59-66.
21. Madau, F. A. (2015). Technical and scale efficiency in the Italian citrus farming: Comparison between SFA and DEA approaches. Agricultural Economics Review, 16(389-2016-23523), 15-27.
22. Ho, B. V., Kingsbury, A., & Ho, N. S. (2022). Production efficiency and effect of sustainable land management practices on the yield of oranges in northwest Vietnam. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 1.
23. Wangithi, C. M., Muriithi, B. W., & Belmin, R. (2021). Adoption and dis-adoption of sustainable agriculture: a case of farmers’ innovations and integrated fruit fly management in Kenya. Agriculture, 11(4), 338.
24. Faten D, Rim B. A. & Zouhaier A. (2021). Sustainable Soil Management Practices and Technical Efficiency of Citrus Production in Tunisia.