Social Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

The Dependence of the Egyptian Public on News Websites to Obtain Information About Vaccines Against the Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19)

This research objectivizes to reveal Egyptian public`s dependency upon number of Egyptian and international news websites (in Arabic) to access to information regarding COVID-19 vaccines and the stimulus of choice to these websites as a source of information. The research depends upon the hypothesis of media dependency theory, it was implemented on purposive sample of 209 individuals using electronic questionnaire. Besides, the interview guide implemented on 12 cases. The research demonstrated that 71.7% of the sample depend upon these websites as a source of information-especially Youm7, and B.B.C. Arabic- and revealed the impact of dependency on these websites on the public's knowledge, affective and behavioral aspects, moreover, the research examined the educational level impact on some of these aspects, particularly those related to the importance of adhering to precautionary measures after vaccination, furthermore the findings demonstrated the influence of religious factors and residence on some cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects resulting from dependency of media. The research also highlighted various mechanisms of developing news service, such as content enhancement with more statics and constantly updating them, and the significance of neutrally covering all perspectives of the issue, which most Egyptian news websites lack, it is associated with perspective of dependency theory regarding the relationship between media and prevailing political.

Infodemic, Misleading Information, New Media, Social Media, COVID-19, Pandemic, Rumors

APA Style

Ibrahim, L. S. (2023). The Dependence of the Egyptian Public on News Websites to Obtain Information About Vaccines Against the Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19). Social Sciences, 12(6), 326-338.

ACS Style

Ibrahim, L. S. The Dependence of the Egyptian Public on News Websites to Obtain Information About Vaccines Against the Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19). Soc. Sci. 2023, 12(6), 326-338. doi: 10.11648/

AMA Style

Ibrahim LS. The Dependence of the Egyptian Public on News Websites to Obtain Information About Vaccines Against the Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19). Soc Sci. 2023;12(6):326-338. doi: 10.11648/

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Abdel-Bari, W. New media research Methods and tools: An analytical study-Studies in E-media methodological problems practices and post e-media, First Edition. Academic book center, Oman, 2019, 95.
2. Abdelhafiz, A., Ibrahim, M., Ziady, H. Knowledge, perceptions, and attitude of Egyptians towards the novel Coronavirus (Covid-19). Journal of Community Health, 2020, 1-11 Doi: 10.1007/s10900-020-00827-7. Available from Accessed on 22/6/2022.
3. Abdel-Haleem, M. Dependency of Egyptian and Saudi teenager s on mass media to obtain information during health crises: Coronavirus pandemics a model. Journal of Public Relations Research Middle East, 2020, 2(29), 589-636.
4. Abdullah, F. The Corona crisis and the role of social media. Journal of Afaq Ektemaeya, 2021, (2), 1-4.
5. Ahmed, A. New media problems and patterns of expression. Arab Center for Research and studies, (2020). Available from, Accessed on 22/6/2023.
6. Ahmed, N. Social media networks and developing women’ s awareness of the emerging Coronavirus Crisis as a variable in planning to manage the crisis. Journal of Studies in Social Work and Humanities, 2020, 1(52), 121-154 Doi: 10.21608/Jsswh.2020.38913.1151.
7. Akarika, D., Kierian, N., Ikon, A. Media dependency and information- seeking behavior of Uyo residents during the (COVID-19) pandemic in Nigeria. International Journal of Civil Engineering Contraction and Estate Management, 2020, 8(3) 1-10.
8. Alfatease, A., Alqahtani, A. and Orayj, K. The Impact of social media on the acceptance of the Covid-19 vaccine: A cross- sectional study from Saudi Arabia. Patient Preference and Adherence, 2021, 2673-2681. Doi: 10.2147/PPA.S342535 Available from Accessed on20/7/2022.
9. Al-Matbouli, D. The role of social media networks in managing the Corona crisis “COVID-19” and its impact to the Egyptian audience. Scientific journal of Radio and Television Research, 2020, (20), 281-367.
10. Al-Shafi, Kh., Mekki, A., Abdelaal, W. Coverage of the Corona pandemic in the English language Qatari press-analytical study. El Hikma journal for Media and Communication Studies, 2022, (1), 54-89. Doi: 10.34277/1457.009.001.001.
11. AL-Solamy, A. The impact of social networks in times of crises on undergraduate students: an analytical study of the relationship between twitter use and widespread confusion and fear of infection during the Covid-19 crisis. El Hikma journal for Media and Communication Studies, 2022, 10(1), 10-36. doi: 10.34277/1457-010-001-001.
12. Al-Zaghoul, A. The role of social media networks in developing health awareness among Jordanian universities student s in light of Corona pandemic. Master Degree Thesis, Middle East University, 2022.
13. Ashiru, J., Oluwajana, D. &Biabor, O. Is the global pandemic driving me crazy? the relationship between personality traits, fear of missing out, and social media fatigue during the Covid-19 pandemic in Nigeria. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2021, 1-16 Available from
14. Banein, F. (2015). The public’s dependence on news satellite channels to obtain information about Arab crisis- Afield study. Master Degree Thesis, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Eloued University, 2021, 28-29.
15. Birks, J. Just following the science fact checking journalism and the government s lockdown argumentation in Power, Media and the Covid-19 Pandemic Framing Public Discourse, First Edition, Abingdon, New Work: Routledge, 2022, 139-158. Doi: 10.4324/9781003147299-10.
16. Daily medical info.2023 Available from Accessed on 2/8/2023.
17. Darwish, A. Role of the Saudi news websites in health education during the corona” Covid-19” pandemic. Journal of Public Relations Research, 2020, (29), 641-695.
18. El Bashier, H., Beshara, F. The role of social media in facing the pandemic of corona virus in Gezira State-an explorative study among gezira state citizens. Arab Journal of Media Studies, 2021, (15), 9-35.
19. Farag, F. The role of social media in spreading and circulating rumors related to corona pandemic -a field study on a sample of social media users in Sirte. Sirte University Journal of Humanities, 2021, 11(2), 247-288. Doi: 10.37375/sujh.v11i2.
20. Fouda, M. Reliance of expatriate students in Egypt on news websites and its relation to forming their health awareness towards the coronavirus (Covid19) crisis: A field study. Journal of Mass Communication Research, 2021, 1(56), 158-214.
21. Grand Valley State University. Michigan, USA, 2023 Available from Accessed on 28/72023.
22. Gong, J., Zanuddin, H. and Hou, W. Media attention, dependency, self-efficacy and prosocial behaviors during the outbreak of Covid-19: a constructive journalism perspective. Global Media and China, 2022, 7(1) 81-98. Doi: 10.1177/20594364211021331.
23. Latif, R. The Egyptian public dependence on new media as a source for information and news about the coronavirus (covid-19) pandemic and its role in reinforcing its health awareness. Journal of Mass Communication Research, 2020, 5 (55), 3090-3167.
24. Latroush, A. Social media interaction with corona pandemic. Jil Center Journals, 2021, (67), 99-118.
25. Mahmoud, C. The role of social networks in pursuing the adjustment of the Egyptian public with the quarantine during covid-19 pandemic: A study of the uses and effects within the embargoed period. Scientific Journal for Public Relations & Advertising, 2020, (20), 499-550. Doi: 10.21608/sjocs.2020.159716.
26. Matar, A., Anbatawi, M. (2021). The impact of social media on university of Jordon students during the corona crisis. Arab Journal for Scientific Publishing, (31), 502-526.
27. Mofdi, A. Dependency of Kuwaiti journalists on twitter as a source of information about corruption issues-A survey study, Master Degree Thesis, Yarmouk University, 2017.
28. Muniz, C. (2020). Media System Dependency and change in Risk Perception During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Tripodos, 1(47) 11-26. Retrieved from https://, Accessed on 22/6/2022.
29. Munoriyarwa, A. (2022). The burden of responsibility-investigative journalism in South Africa during the Covid -19 crisis in S. Price, B. Harbisher. Power, Media and the Covid-19 Pandemic Framing Public Discourse Abingdon, New Work: Routledge, 2022,159-171. Doi: 10.4324/9781003147299-11.
30. OECD. Coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccines for developing countries: An equal shot at recovery, 2021, 3-6.
31. Saied, S., Saied, E. and Kabbash, I. Vaccine hesitancy: Beliefs and barriers associated with Covid-19 vaccination among Egyptian medical students. Journal of Medical Virology Wiley, 2021, 4280-4291, Doi: 10.1002/jmv.26910.
32. Similar web. Top websites ranking Retrieved at, Accessed on 5/8/2023.
33. Thompson, A., Finnegan, G. Vaccine misinformation management field guide -guidance for addressing a global infodemic and fostering demand for immunization, New York, 2020, 10-11.
34. World Health Organization Strategy to achieve global covid-19 vaccination by mid 2022, 2022. Available from, Accessed on 5/9/2022.
35. World Health Organization. Coronavirus (Covid-19), 2022. Available from http://, Accessed on 5/5/2023.