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Linking Between Water Ecosystem Services’ Perception and Rural Migration in Sahelian Wetlands: Evidence-based from Inner Niger Delta in Mali

Sahel’s largest wetland, the Inner Niger Delta (IND) is highly productive with a biologically diverse ecosystem and fed by seasonal floods. It plays a crucial role in shaping culture and driving local and national economies. Over one million people composed mainly of fishermen, farmers, and breeders that depend on the vitality of these wetlands. Despite the resources that the IND contained, people continue to migrate to other countries. The main objective of this study is to analyze the link between water ecosystem services and the migration of IND’s inhabitants. Specific objectives are to understand the endogen perception of ecosystem services and identify the determinants of migration outside wetlands. Based on recent household surveys including the econometric model, results show that 36.9% of respondents have at least one member who migrated out of IND. The remittances from migrants support 41.2% of respondents and 29.8% of them have the intention to migrate. The determinants of migration intention are gender, household size, land access, employment opportunities in livestock and fishing, submersion practice, soil fertility, peaceful natural resources management, credit access, migrated household members, and remittances from migrants. To limit migration, it is necessary to restore and conserve water ecosystems through innovations in climate change adaptation, integrated water resource management, and people sensitization towards nature-based solutions practices.

Drought, Ecosystem Services, Household, Wetlands

Beteo Zongo, Abdouramane Djibo Gado, Omer S. Combary, Mori Diallo, Karounga Keïta, et al. (2023). Linking Between Water Ecosystem Services’ Perception and Rural Migration in Sahelian Wetlands: Evidence-based from Inner Niger Delta in Mali. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(6), 228-237.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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