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Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems

Received: 14 February 2024    Accepted: 12 March 2024    Published: 2 April 2024
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Abstract

The new electric power systems based on new energy is a power system that is supported by source-grid-load-storage interaction and multi-energy complementarity, in order to reduce the carbon emission level of the new electric power systems, it is necessary to change the existing energy structure of the system through different energy carriers. Through technology comparison and analysis, seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production technology can make full use of offshore renewable energy, which can effectively reduce the production cost of hydrogen production by electrolysis. With the development and industrial application of the third-generation low-energy phase change absorber, the technology of carbon dioxide capture by phase change solvent has great application prospects. The industrial application of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol can rely on the existing mature C1 chemical system, and the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device can improve the effective utilization rate of carbon dioxide and reduce the emission of tail gas. On this basis, the application scheme of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol technology in the new power system is proposed: centered on the power grid, renewable energy is used to generate electricity, and part of the electricity is sent to the grid; part of the electricity is sent to the seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production unit to produce hydrogen; the main product hydrogen is stored in the hydrogen storage equipment, and the by-product oxygen is used comprehensively; the carbon dioxide generated in the process of fossil fuel power generation is captured by phase change solvent, and then the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device is used to synthesize carbon dioxide and hydrogen into methanol under the action of catalyst, part of the methanol is converted into hydrogen by cracking and stored, and the other part of methanol is directly used as the fuel of internal combustion power locomotives, when the power output of the grid is insufficient, methanol can be used as fuel for internal combustion generators, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid, and the stored hydrogen can also be used as fuel for hydrogen fuel cells, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid.

Published in American Journal of Energy Engineering (Volume 12, Issue 1)
DOI 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13
Page(s) 17-25
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogenation, Methanol, New Electric Power Systems, Application Prospect

References
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[2] Zhang Yunzhou, zhang Ning, Dai Hongcai, et al. Model construction and pathways of low-carbon transition of China's power system [J]. Electric Power, 2021, 54(3): 1-11.
[3] AHMAD K, UPADHYAYULA S. Greenhouse gas CO2 hydrogenation to fuels: a thermodynamic analysis [J]. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 2019, 38(1): 98-111.
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[6] Guo Hao, Yang Honghai. Current status and future prospect of research on solid-state hydrogen storage material [J]. New Chemical Materials, 2016, 44(9): 19-21.
[7] Nie Congying, Shen Xiaojun, Lu Hong, et al. Capacity configuration and control strategy of hydrogen super hybrid energy storage in grid connected wind farm [J]. Smart Power, 2020, 48(9): 1-8.
[8] Li Haibo, Pan Zhiming, Huang Yaowen. Analysis on the application prospect of hydrogen fuel gas turbine power generation [J]. Electric Power Equipment Management, 2020(8): 94-96.
[9] Guo Mengjie, Yan Zheng, Zhou Yun, et al. Optimal operation of integrated energy system with wind power hydrogen production device [J]. China Electric Power, 2020, 53(1): 115-123, 161.
[10] SHI C F, ZHANG T, LI J, et al. Powering the future with liquid sunshine [J]. Joule, 2018, 2(10): 1925-1949.
[11] Lu Yifei, Chen Chong, Liang Lizhong. Modeling and control of wind-hydrogen coupling system based on electricity-hydrogen hybrid energy storage [J]. Smart Power, 2020, 48(3): 7-14.
[12] Li Jianqiang, Yu Guangzheng, Tang Bo, et al. Multi-energy flow integrated energy system planning considering wind and solar utilization and containing hydrogen energy flow [J]. Power System Protection and Control, 2021, 49(14): 11-20.
[13] LIN H Z, PEI A G, FANG M X. Progress of research on process modifications for amine solvent-based post combustion CO2 capture from coal-fired power plant [J]. Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress, 2018, 37(12): 4874-4886.
[14] Han Shuqi, Li Wenxin, Chen Chong, et al. Modeling and control of controllable direct-drive permanent magnet wind turbine based on wind power hydrogen production and super capacitor hybrid energy storage [J]. Guangdong Electric Power, 2019, 32(5): 1-12.
[15] Zhang Li, Chen Shuoyi. Development status and countermeasures of wind power hydrogen production technology at home and abroad [J]. Science and Technology China, 2020(1): 13-16.
[16] Jiang Kangle. Research and environmental benefit evaluation of wind-solar hybrid hydrogen production system [D]. Handan: Hebei University of Engineering, 2018.
[17] Xu Jing, Zhao Xia, Luo Yinghong. Improved virtual synchronous generator control for hydrogen fuel cell integration into a microgrid [J]. Power System Protection and Control, 2020, 48(22): 165-172.
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    Nie, X. (2024). Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems . American Journal of Energy Engineering, 12(1), 17-25. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13

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    ACS Style

    Nie, X. Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems . Am. J. Energy Eng. 2024, 12(1), 17-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13

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    AMA Style

    Nie X. Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems . Am J Energy Eng. 2024;12(1):17-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13,
      author = {Xin Nie},
      title = {Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems
    },
      journal = {American Journal of Energy Engineering},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {17-25},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajee.20241201.13},
      abstract = {The new electric power systems based on new energy is a power system that is supported by source-grid-load-storage interaction and multi-energy complementarity, in order to reduce the carbon emission level of the new electric power systems, it is necessary to change the existing energy structure of the system through different energy carriers. Through technology comparison and analysis, seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production technology can make full use of offshore renewable energy, which can effectively reduce the production cost of hydrogen production by electrolysis. With the development and industrial application of the third-generation low-energy phase change absorber, the technology of carbon dioxide capture by phase change solvent has great application prospects. The industrial application of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol can rely on the existing mature C1 chemical system, and the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device can improve the effective utilization rate of carbon dioxide and reduce the emission of tail gas. On this basis, the application scheme of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol technology in the new power system is proposed: centered on the power grid, renewable energy is used to generate electricity, and part of the electricity is sent to the grid; part of the electricity is sent to the seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production unit to produce hydrogen; the main product hydrogen is stored in the hydrogen storage equipment, and the by-product oxygen is used comprehensively; the carbon dioxide generated in the process of fossil fuel power generation is captured by phase change solvent, and then the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device is used to synthesize carbon dioxide and hydrogen into methanol under the action of catalyst, part of the methanol is converted into hydrogen by cracking and stored, and the other part of methanol is directly used as the fuel of internal combustion power locomotives, when the power output of the grid is insufficient, methanol can be used as fuel for internal combustion generators, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid, and the stored hydrogen can also be used as fuel for hydrogen fuel cells, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Application Prospect of Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation to Methanol Technology in the New Electric Power Systems
    
    AU  - Xin Nie
    Y1  - 2024/04/02
    PY  - 2024
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13
    T2  - American Journal of Energy Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Energy Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Energy Engineering
    SP  - 17
    EP  - 25
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2329-163X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajee.20241201.13
    AB  - The new electric power systems based on new energy is a power system that is supported by source-grid-load-storage interaction and multi-energy complementarity, in order to reduce the carbon emission level of the new electric power systems, it is necessary to change the existing energy structure of the system through different energy carriers. Through technology comparison and analysis, seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production technology can make full use of offshore renewable energy, which can effectively reduce the production cost of hydrogen production by electrolysis. With the development and industrial application of the third-generation low-energy phase change absorber, the technology of carbon dioxide capture by phase change solvent has great application prospects. The industrial application of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol can rely on the existing mature C1 chemical system, and the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device can improve the effective utilization rate of carbon dioxide and reduce the emission of tail gas. On this basis, the application scheme of carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol technology in the new power system is proposed: centered on the power grid, renewable energy is used to generate electricity, and part of the electricity is sent to the grid; part of the electricity is sent to the seawater in-situ electrolysis hydrogen production unit to produce hydrogen; the main product hydrogen is stored in the hydrogen storage equipment, and the by-product oxygen is used comprehensively; the carbon dioxide generated in the process of fossil fuel power generation is captured by phase change solvent, and then the new carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol device is used to synthesize carbon dioxide and hydrogen into methanol under the action of catalyst, part of the methanol is converted into hydrogen by cracking and stored, and the other part of methanol is directly used as the fuel of internal combustion power locomotives, when the power output of the grid is insufficient, methanol can be used as fuel for internal combustion generators, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid, and the stored hydrogen can also be used as fuel for hydrogen fuel cells, which are used to generate electricity and sent to the grid.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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